Action de F500. black, blue. #4000. No 3026. Folds, a few pin-holes and a little faint staining at the border. Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir was born 1822 in Luxembourg. He was an inventor of genius, and in time turned his attention to electromagnetism, and its practical application. He invented an electric brake system and an electric signal system. Then he looked into the use of the explosive power of gases to drive a motor. This led to the creation in 1859 of the Société des Moteurs Lenoir, whose share we offer here. He refined the use of a mixture of an explosive gas with air, introduced electric-spark ignition, and so produce a working engine. The first, of 4CV, was operating in May 1860 in a Paris lathe workshop. In the following months some 380 motors, of different capacities, were built by the company. These were static motors, but Lenoir fitted this in 1861 to a motorboat and then, in 1863, to a three-wheeled carriage - "the very first automobile". Lenoir was an inventor but not an entrepreneur, and passed the exploitation to others. However, there were difficulties, over high fuel consumption, cooling, and others, and the world looked for further development. In 1863 130 motors were working in Paris, but the passion for the Lenoir motor lasted only some five years, but they were then discarded and scrapped, giving way to a return to steam-power. This duly came through the work of others, but Lenoir's inspiration made him the true father of the internal combustion engine. Lenoir continued his inventing, with a telegraphy machine; a method of fast tanning using ozone, a new 4-stroke engine, and more. He died in 1900, much honoured but a poor man. The certificate, of which since many years less than five pieces are known, is a very fine piece of engraving, showing various types of Lenoir motor installed to power different machines, all inside a great iron hall, with the employees at work. And so much more - the arms of interested countries, and products of possible applications of the motor - carpets, wheat, books, pottery and so on. A truly magnificent share, for its beauty and its historical significance. Extremely rare.
Thema's: AUTOMOTIVE, METAL & ENGINEERING
BELGIUM, FRANCE, G.D.LUXEMBOURG
Startprijs: € 4000